I. What is IIPPI?The Innocent in Prison Project International (IIPPI) is a medium, which supports errors of justice awareness. Miscarriages of justice concern anyone. When innocent individuals are imprisoned, the guilty ones are at large and may commit more crimes. IIPPI illustrates cases of possibly false or wrongful convictions. Public documents, audio and video files, (interactive) maps, polls, and comment features enrich this website beyond detailed analysis. IIPPI has been an informative and inspiring source to students, journalists,governmental officials, activists and others since 2004.
II. Definition: "Innocent""Morally free from guilt, guiltless, free from the guilt of a particular crime or offense, a man [person] is innocent of the crime charged."
(Source: Webster's 1913 Dictionary)
"Force likely to cause death or great bodily harm is justified in self-defense only if a person reasonably believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or great bodily harm."
(Source: Lectric Law Library's Lexicon)
"Not guilty": the person may have been present at the crime scene, but was neither the perpetrator nor an accomplice. A person is "innocent", when s/he is not only "not guilty", but not involved in any form or fashion at all.
IIPPI distinguishes between "innocent", "not guilty" and self-defense. Cases of prisoners, whose argumentation is based on legal technicalities only, are not featured on this site. The laws change, but actual innocence remains the same.
III. IntroductionIn a constitutional state, presumption of innocence is effective in criminal law, i.e. someone is innocent until proven guilty.
Since we are all human, we may make mistakes. Something that was considered right in the past, may be found wrong nowadays. Questionable facts may or may not be true. This may or may not be recognized. The following four possibilities result from these two sources of error:
IV. In A NutshellThere are not only innocents on death row, there are innocents everywhere behind bars. Unfortunately, not every conviction can be vindicated through the technology of DNA evidence. Various falsely incarcerated persons suffer from injustices afflicted by bogus witnesses, unlawful police, court appointed defense attorneys, prosecutors and judges! One or more of the following factors typically contribute to a false conviction:
"There is no crueler tyranny than that which is exercised under cover of law, and with the colors of justice …."
United States vs Jannottie, 673 F.2d 578, 614 (ed Cir. 1982)
"The only thing needed for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing"
Edmund Burke (1729-1797)
"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968)
"When a cause comes along and you know in your bones that it is just, yet refuse to defend it - at that moment you begin to die. And I have never seen so many corpses walking around talking about justice."
Mumia Abu-Jamal (journalist on death row)
"If you're innocent in prison, you suffer for it because it means you can't get parole because you won't say you're guilty. When people like that year after year continue to maintain they are innocent, then those people are the people we have to listen to.”
Rubin "Hurricane" Carter (freed innocent prisoner and activist)
"They [the system] are quick to convict but they are slow to correct their mistakes."
Alton Logan(freed innocent prisoner after 26 years)
"There needs to be legislation to get rid of time limitations for actual innocence. There's no time limit on murder; there should be no time limitations on actual innocence."
Sherry Swiney (activist and widow of a framed ex-police officer)
"No government is ever pure or wise enough to claim the power to kill."
Albert Camus (1913-1960)
"Each time a person stands up for an ideal or acts to improve the lot of others....they send forth a ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centres of energy and daring, those ripples build a current that can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance."
Robert F. Kennedy (1925-1968)
"A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history."
Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)
*** Before you contact us on behalf of a prisoner who claims to have been falsely convicted, we request from her/ him to submit the complete application. Thank you! ***
Book Trailer: Visit the blog of this book at www.vincentsimmons.iippi.org
IIPPI is copied often, but has been financed by only one single person for years. A few bucks or a link back to IIPPI would be nice.